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The Battle Clan Doliwa
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Coat-of-Arms Doliwa 1
Also Known by the Names of Doliwczyk,
Dolwita, Tres Rosae, Three Roses and Drei Rosen

The Imperial Margraves Heide and Paul Gulgowski-Doliwa
proudly display their Doliwa Order of Merit Grand Collars,
which had been presented to them by the Imperial Margrave George,
The Prince de Helon, as a token of esteem for their
kind remembrance of his highly revered and respected late father,
Count Zbigniew 'Alan' Helon, The Prince of Zebulon

Our Dear Friend George, The Prince of Helon, Margrave, INDV, RCST,
Distinguished Member, Ancient Polish Szlachta Battle Clan Doliwa

We were most saddened having had to learn
of the passing of your revered and beloved father,
Count Zbigniew 'Alan' Helon, The Prince of Zebulon.
Highly Esteemed Member, Ancient Polish Szlachta Battle Clan Doliwa

After having endured a turbulent life, with only Australia
providing appreciable security and comfort to him,
your father now peacefully rests in the merciful arms of our Lord God.

The Prince of Zebulon has walked through the valley of death
and is now being rewarded for all the pain suffered
and for all the good he has done.
As Jesus Christ has risen from death, so will the Prince of Zebulon.

We embrace you and your loved ones in old friendship
and with confraternal admiration and respect,

Heide and Paul Gulgowski
The Margraves Gulgowski-Doliwa, INDV
Chief and Sr. Mbr. Princely / Ducal House Gulgowski-Doliwa

Coat of Arms of H.H. Chevalier Commodore Dr. Paul Margrave Gulgowski-Doliwa

Coat-of-Arms Gulgowski-Doliwa

Coat of Arms of H.H. Dame Heide Anna Maria Margravine Gulgowski-Notthoff-Doliwa

Coat-of-Arms Gulgowski-Notthoff-Doliwa

of Helon-Doliwa (Odmian)

Coat-of-Arms Doliwa 2
Another One of Several Doliwa Coat-of-Arms Variations in Existence


Their Highnesses
Commodore Prof. Dr. Paul W. Margrave Gulgowski-Doliwa, GCEG, GCMS, GCDA, etc.
Dame Heide Anna Maria Margravine Gulgowski-Doliwa, GBQT, GCMS, GCDA, etc.

     Marquis George, the Prince de Helon and Distinguished Knight of the Ancient Polish Battle Clan Doliwa, takes pleasure and satisfaction in admiring Heide's and Paul's Ducal Recognition brevet, executed by H.R.H. Prince Davit Bagrationi, Pretender to the Throne of the Kingdom of Georgia.

     This study has been prepared at the request of several individuals interested in Polish and other European coats-of-arms as well as giving them a helping hand as they proceed to research their chivalric ancestry and the coats-of-arms they carried.

St. George, the High Example for Exemplary Knighthood Worldwide


     As a suitable introduction to this most worthwhile topic, we like to invite our esteemed readers to a poem we found in the "Stammbuch der Hugen und Preuen" (The Family Chronicles of the Hugen and Preuen):

Wenn du gestorben bist,
Wer denkt noch deiner?
Im ersten Jahr vielleicht ein Heer,
In zehn Jahren wohl noch einer,
In zwanzig Jahren keiner mehr,
Es sei denn, du bist Wappenherr.

Translation by Heide and Paul:

When you have died,
Who will still think of you?
In the first year, perhaps an entire army,
In ten years, possibly still at least one man,
In twenty years, definitely no one anymore,
Unless you are an armiger.

     As is clearly understood, a knight is not necessarily a nobleman and a nobleman is not necessarily a knight; however, knights have always striven to attain noble status and noblemen have always yearned to be recognized as knights. Hence, these things have become intertwined over the course of time.

     Even an arc anarchist like Friedrich Nietzsche could not avoid considering the topic of nobility and all that this status entails. He, after long and hard contemplation, arrived at the following conclusion:

Friedrich Nietzsche

     "Every enhancement of the type called man has so far been the work of an aristocratic society - and it will be so again and again." (2)

     Both of the statements provided above amount to a great compliment for armigers and noblemen, although they originated at opposing ends of a wide spectrum. After all, the achievements of the nobility and those who served them with unparalleled dedication and high moral purpose rise high above the lowest common denominator that has become so fashionable during the most recent decades of history.


     Our study of the Doliwa coat-of-arms reveals that there were at least 232 clan families entitled to carry the distinction: Arms Doliwa, starting with the noble surname Alkimowicz and ending with the noble surname Zydowski (3). To check if you, valued reader, could possibly be authorized to bear Doliwa (or other) arms honors, please refer to the Wikipedia encyclopedia and look under the Szlachta clan's name as your first step into the right direction. Needless to say, there are other respectable reference sites you may consult.

     It is a historical fact that the name of Doliwa has absolutely nothing to do with the three roses it depicts on its shield and Klejnotu (German: Kleinod). In actuality, the name Doliwa originates from an assault against Liwo, in the Polish language do Liwa. And so, the battle cry Doliwa was born. As the saga goes, an unidentified Polish knight of the battle clan Poraj, utilizing stealth, cunning and deceit, instrumentally assisted his field marshal (Hetman) in capturing a castle in the city of Liwa, today in the administrative district of Gmina Milomlyn within the Warmian-Masurian Voivodeship, northern Poland.

Coat-of-Arms Poraj

     As an award, the unidentified knight was presented by his king with two additional roses to be added to his Poraj clan shield, which possessed already a single rose. Now, the appearance of his shield was enhanced by displaying three roses, as proudly manifested on the current clan shield of Doliwa. The precise date when all of this is supposed to have occurred is somewhat hazy, but the approximate year is recorded as 1099 (4).

     Very frequently it was the name of a prominent Polish nobleman that gave identity to a particular Polish coat-of-arms. This was not the case with the Battle Clan of Doliwa, as pointed out above. Still, fact is that in the Polish region of Szeskie Wzgorza an extensive Polish noble estate by the name of Doliwy existed. In this special instance, a noble person's surname originated from a coat-of-arms and not vice versa.

     Between the fish-hatchery ponds Moregowy and Bartkowko is the extensive noble estate of Doliwy (eventually changed to Doliwa), which must already have existed earlier than 1558 (5).


     It would be a fallacy to look at chivalry, arms and knights without extensively considering the history of nobility. This is especially true for the Polish nobility, the Szlachta.

     The Szlachta identifies a highly formalized and strictly hereditary noble class of Polish society. After 1569, the Grand Duchy of Lithuania was incorporated with the Kingdom of Poland, both emerging as the Royal Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. Eventually, portions of Ducal Prussia (Preussen) and Ruthenia (Belarus) also were entered into this union. The nobility described above enjoyed tremendous societal and political privileges until the very beginning of the 19th century.

General Gul'govskii's Russian Coat-of-Arms

     (The kinship of the Russian Gul'govskii coat-of-arms in comparison to the blue, silver and red Doliwa coat-of-arms may, next to us, also be obvious to our esteemed readers.)

     The word "Szlachta" has its origin in the German word "Schlacht," meaning battle, armed conflict. It implies that someone could only rise to nobility status, if he had demonstrated exemplary bravery in combat. Later, skillful public administrative achievements could also lead to obtaining recognition as a nobleman. In the Polish language "rycerz" denotes status as a knight, the German word would be "Ritter." This entire noble class was collectively known as "rycerstwo."

     Very well-to-do Polish noblemen were also called "karmazyni," not because good karma was on their side, but because this word translates into "Crimson," the purplish-red color utilized to dye their boots. This development gave rise to the description "Crimson Nobility."

Doliwa Coat-of-Arms in Red

     Another linguistic term that deserves recognition is the Polish word "herb." It is very close to the German word "Erbe." Both of these words signify heritage. While in Germany, Erbe encompasses all inheritance, in Poland the word "herb" is specifically limited to the inheritance of coats-of-arms.

     To conclude this subtopic, "szlachcic" in the Polish language means nobleman and "szlachcianka" consequently means noblewoman. Most important, however, is that the Polish Szlachta was a warrior class that eventually, starting with the first partition of Poland in 1772, also spread, at least in part, to Imperial Austria, Royal Prussia and Czarist Russia.

Polish Nobility by Wilhelm August Stryowski
Obviously, this picture does not portray the Polish nobility,
despite the few handouts offered, in a very good light

     Initially, all Szlachta knights were landowners. In those cases, where the szlachcic possessed no land, his noble lord or prince would grant him land so he could become economically self-sufficient.

     Briefly, a szlachcic with little or hardly any wealth at all would be counted among the "Grey Nobility." Next on the upward latter to economic wellbeing we would encounter the small landowners, who possessed part of a village. Then came the village gentry, who owned one or two villages. On top of this socio-economic structure resided the magnates. They were large-scale landowners, recognized by the word "Krolewieta." These magnates governed dozens of villages or small towns, exercising great authority over wide regions of land.

The Margraves Gulgowski-Doliwa at Hohenfeld Castle

     The Doliwa and an unidentified Polish coat-of-arms are prominently displayed at Hohenfeld Castle, near Muenster, Germany. This edifice currently serves as a stylish and comfortable hotel, offering proof that members of the Polish Szlachta, which were incorporated into the German fold, managed to do rather well within that country.

     Another such success story was retired German Army Captain Leo v. Falkowski-Doliwa, who had found a second career in Prussia's police service, from which he retired with the rank of lieutenant colonel (6).

     Theoretically, all Polish noblemen were equal. However, as it is in life, to this very day, some szlachcics were more equal than others. There are always those who are richer in love than others. There are always those who are materially wealthier than others. There are always those whose sadness is greater than the mental suffering of others. And, there are always those who are intellectually more gifted than their fellow man. Consequently, the well-meaning ideal of equality is still "limping," despite uncountable Herculean philosophical and socio-political efforts, including revolutions, to achieve this lofty goal.

     Needless to say, the high birth of this group of noblemen also exercised extensive military power during times of peace and war. Poland's Szlachta, the upper class, was much more numerous than the nobility of many other European nations, amounting to approximately 10 through 12 percent of the entire population. (7)

Magnates of Poland in All Their Splendor

     Obviously, during the initial phases of statehood development in Poland, the number of coats-of-arms in the system described above was quite low. It did not exceed 200 during the late Middle Ages. However, in the late 18th century, their number approached 40,000. (8)

     Szlachta knights played many major and magnificent rolls in the advancement of the Polish nation state. To name just one example, in approximately 1372, several Szlachta clans were present, including the Doliwa battle clan, at the formation of Wielkopolska (Greater Poland). (9)

The Doliwa Szlachta Clan Commemorated at St. Jakobus Monastery

     Regretfully, Poland's knights did not always present themselves as a unified and cohesive battle force. An example for that is that nobles of the Doliwa coat-of-arms fought with the Teutonic Knights under the leadership of Friedrich von Wed in the historic battle of Tannenberg in 1410. They were not the only ones who experienced a difficult time deciding just on which side they belonged in this epic struggle.

Doliwa Banner of Town of Rogasen, a Commandry of the Teutonic Knights (10)

     The wall fresco below, beyond the shadow of a doubt, illustrates that Doliwa szlachcic members felt quite at home with the knights of the Teutonic Order, enjoying elevated positions within their leadership ranks.

Doliwa Knight Lyskomski
Eternalized on the Interior Walls
of Marienburg Fortress in Malbork Poland

Impressive Photograph of Marienburg Fortress in Malbork, Poland

     It is not the purpose of this treatise to enter too deeply into the political structure of Royal Poland. Other authors have done this already to greatest extent. Let it suffice to summarize that most European nations had concentrated on achieving absolute monarchies. The French "Sun King" Louis the XIV referred to himself as the "State." Frederick the Great of Prussia, certainly also an absolutistic ruler, prided himself by stating that he perceived himself to be the first servant of the state. Obviously, there is immense room of interpretation regarding the explanations provided above.

     Royal Poland developed a mixture of aristocracy, oligarchy and democracy. It embraced all of these qualities of government without managing to achieve a lasting and successfully working blend of these ingredients. Fact was that the Polish Szlachta attained substantial power and influence at the expense of the reigning king, making him frequently ineffective and unable to rule for the greater benefit of his extensive domain.

     Concluding this particular part of our short study, in 1791 Poland gave itself an individual civil rights constitution not unlike the one we enjoy in the United States today. This event also led to its final partition by its three powerful neighbors, who saw themselves unable to tolerate so much liberty in the hands of common men. Clearly, this also ended the sovereignty of the Szlachta in Poland. Until the end of World War I, their legal and societal position depended entirely on the laws and regulations of the Habsburg monarchy, the Kingdom of Prussia and through it the entire German Empire as well as Czarist Russia and the vast territories under its rule.

Polish Cavalry (the Famous Winged Horsemen) in the Attack

     Today, most governments of this world tolerate nobility within limits. This statement also applies to present-day Poland. In Germany, for instance, persons of noble heritage may carry noble titles up to and including duke. However, no one in this jurisdiction may call himself a king or emperor.

     Still, there is no reason for despair. Europe and other parts of the world enjoy a wide array of constitutional monarchies, where titles of nobility and chivalry can be obtained for bravery and merit. As far as Europe is concerned, starting in the east going west, the following constitutional monarchies flourish:

     Sweden, Norway, Denmark, Great Britain, The Netherlands, Belgium, Luxembourg, Spain, Monaco, The Vatican and Andorra. Not enumerating other functioning nations with crowned heads of state, let it suffice that the only empire left in the world today is Japan.

Proud and Self-Assured Szlachta Commander
Prior to Riding into Battle



     In the entire Eurasian and North African realm, coat-of-arms were either created by successful individuals or awarded by grateful leaders to persons of high merit. Those meritorious people came from all professions to include, among others, the arts, sciences and finance.

     Here are a few examples, starting out with Poland. Would anyone have guessed that the great Nicolaus Copernicus was the proud owner of his very own coat-of-arms? Well, here it is:

Coat-of-Arms of Nicolaus Copernicus (Polish)

     Germany, since time immemorial, greatly revered her poets, play rites, inventors and thinkers. If you were a genius, eventually a coat-of-arms was awarded to you.

Coat-of-Arms of Johann Wolfgang von Goethe

Coat-of-Arms of Johann Friedrich von Schiller

     Next to the attributes pertaining to Goethe, Schiller was also a genuine revolutionary as clearly manifested in his drama "Die Raeuber" (The Robbers).
     Italy, to touch at least on one of the Romance-language speaking nations, was very generous indeed to reward its great minds rather sophisticated-looking coats-of-arms.

Coat-of-Arms of Galileo Galilei

Coat-of-Arms of Dante Alighieri

     The international world of finance was equally well disposed to award its most powerful proponents coats-of-arms, a case in point being a banking and finance dynasty of German-Jewish origin.

Coat-of-Arms of the Barons Rothschild
who were ennobled by both the Austro-Hungarian
and the British empires

     Although highly unlikely, but not impossible, sometimes, once in a rare while, a fair and benevolent banker, who has accumulated high merit as a multi-generational and multi-cultural pillar of his community is recognized by the international aristocratic establishment and ennobled by them. Chevalier Ewald Baron Langen is such a splendid person.

Coat-of-Arms of the Chevalier Ewald Baron Langen

     Last but not least, we are mindful of all those notable personages in history, whose ancestors had aristocratic roots that had somehow been lost through the course of turbulent centuries.
     One of those special people is Margrave (of the Imperial Nguyen Dynasty of Vietnam) George Helon of the Battle Clan Doliwa, whose coat-of-arms has been featured above.
     However, going far back in history, our friend George, of Polish, Ukrainian, Scythian and Hebrew extraction, was able to unearth and prove (through genetic, biblical, ancient, historical, documentary and cartographic evidence) his ancestral heritage, which was known then and will be known again with still greater prominence as the Most Noble and Ancient Princely House of Helon ben akhar ben Zebulon. (See ref.: 12, a, b, c, d, e).

Modern rendition of the
Coat-of-Arms of the Princely House of Helon

     Another one of those successful historical resurrection accounts belongs to Aviation Captain Colonel James A. Baron Michaels, DDS, who descends from the famous Polish Battle Clan of Trzaska. The Prince Regent of Vietnam selected him to be his personal pilot because of his tremendous aviation expertise and awarded him the noble status of Baron.

Coat-of-Arms of Avn. Capt. Col. James A. Baron Michaels, DDS

     It was our pleasure to afford our dear readers a somewhat extended glimpse into the world of armigers.


     If one or more of our esteemed readers should now feel inclined to research his or her coat-of-arms, feel free to follow the guidelines I have established in our own nobility study, THE ODYSSEY OF THE ROYAL SURNAME GULGOWSKI. Please be mindful of the undeniable fact that surnames change over the centuries.

     Under Part IV, REFERENCES, many "golden books," that list noble names and the identity of armigers throughout the ages, have been cited for your convenience and benefit. Interviewing the senior members of your family and extended relations is also most helpful. They can guide you into the right direction.

     Just possibly, luck is on your side and with the invaluable assistance of good friends you are able to author your own nobility study or chivalric ancestors' history. Next, send a copy of your document to a knowledgeable historian for verification and recognition. For us such a person was the late Chevalier Leonard J. Suligowski, Director of the College of Heraldry, Polish Nobility Association (PNA). Sadly, Leonard can no longer be of personal assistance to any of us. Yet, it is possible that another lady or gentleman has filled his place in the meantime. It is worthwhile checking this out.

     At any rate, if the extensive PNA library can validate your claim, then, as in the past, it will issue a document similar to the one pictured below.

Coat-of-Arms Registration Certificate
of the Chancellery of the PNA

     Strangely enough, your research may reveal your entitlement to several coats-of-arms, as you can nowadays inherit them from both, your father's and your mother's bloodline. Then, dear friends, the agony of choice is yours.

     If you should not encounter the success you strive for, please know that the Collegium Heraldicum Russiae (CHR), under the most reputable, capable leadership of Commander Valery Yegorov, strongly believes that all persons of honor worldwide can be provided with their very own coat-of-arms. To mention just a few professions that carry coat-of-arms potential: teachers, physicians, lawyers, businessmen, military officers, architects, public administrators, etc. have accumulated enough merits over a lifetime to be considered worthy of chivalric honors.

     Good luck with your search. Our esteemed readers are urged, however, not to fall into the traps of charlatans and embezzlers, who offer their assistance in this regard for exorbitantly high amounts of money. Beware: If something is too good to be true, then it normally is not.

Marcina Bielski, "Herby Polskie," The Coats-of-Arms of Poland, Poznan, 1705

Marcina Bielski, "Herby Polskie," The Coats-of-Arms of Poland, Poznan, 1705

The Russian Nobility Book:
The 18th Century in the History of the Russian Empire
St. Petersburg, 1831

Dr. Franciszek Piekosinski, "Herbarz Szlachty Witebskiej," Krakow, 1898

"The Noble Names of Gdansk book," published by the University of Gdansk in 1998

Tadeusz Gajl, "Herbarz Polski," Gdansk, 2007

     One last point to our many appreciated American friends:

     The United States Constitution prohibits the issuance of titles of nobility and chivalry by the American government (the Legislative, Executive and Judicial branches) or the award of same by any crowned head of state or foreign government, to American public officials during their terms of office, or to military personnel while on active duty. Private citizens, however, are free to accept and use titles of any kind whatsoever, noble, chivalric or otherwise. (11)

     Her Britannic Majesty, Queen Elizabeth II, did honor former Presidents Reagan and Bush, the elder, with knighthoods. Similar honors were bestowed on retired generals Norman Schwartzkopf and Colin Powell. Naturally, via this route, the aforestated individuals had become eligible to obtain their very own coats-of-arms.

     The most recent occasion of such nature was witnessed by us while watching a news program on television, where current President Barack Obama courteously addressed the now late Senator Edward Kennedy as Sir, in referential respect for this gentleman having been honored with a knighthood just two weeks prior to the event described above.

Noble Polish Officer Swearing an Oath of Loyalty to his Kingdom,
which is Represented by the Eagle-Adorned Royal Flag of Poland

R E F E R E N C E S:

     1) Hugen und Preuen, "Stammbuch" (Family Chronicles of the Hugen and Preuen), Baden, 1914

     2) Friedrich Nietzsche, "Nietzsche on Nobility," Page 3, University of Texas at Arlington, 1996

     3) Ryszard Jurzak, "Dynastic Genealogy," Coat-of-Arms Doliwa, 1997

     4) Werner Zurek, "Die Wappen des Polnischen Adels" (Coats-of-Arms of the Polish Nobility), Page 11, Voelklingen, 2001

     5) Map of Szeski Wzgorza region of Poland, dated 1558. Courtesy of the University of Wisconsin in Milwaukee, Department of Geography.

     6) Institute Deutsche Adelsforschung (Institute for German Nobility Research), "Vergessene Deutsche Adelsfamilien" (Forgotten German Noble Families), Page 6, 1937.

     7) Werner Zurek, "Polnische Adelsforschung" (Polish Nobility Research), Page 23, Voelklingen, 1982

     8) Boguslaw H. Hr. Zajaczkowski, "Armorial," Pages 80, 339 and 359, Wroclaw, 2005

     9) Fresco by Adam Swach, Displayed at St. Jacobs Monastery, Ladzie/Warta, 1372

     10) Chrystian Kretowicz, Banner of the Town of Rogasen (Commandery of the Teutonic Order), Page 2, 2005

     11) United States Constitution, Philadelphia, 1787

     12 a) HELON in Biblical Literature [Biblia Krolowej Zofii: Zony Jagielly: 1455 AD]

     12 b) Bible of Queen Sophia: Wife of Jogaila [Wladyslaw II]; also known as Kodexu Szaroszpatackiego, or The Sarospatak Bible

     12 c) Fragment: Old Testament; Genesis 46:14; Numbers 1:9, 2:7, 7:24, 7:29, 10:16 and 26:26.

     12 d) Royal Descent and Ancestry, The Most Noble and Ancient Princely House of HELON, ben akhar ben Zebulon.

     12 e) Scripture Genealogy from Adam to Christ; 1817.

The Coat of Arms of H. H. Chev. Commodore Prof. Dr. Paul William Margrave Gulgowski-Doliwa
can be seen HERE

The Coat of Arms of H. H. Chev. Lt. Colonel Paul W. Margrave Gulgowski-Doliwa II
can be seen HERE

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